Blog ida ne’e hanesan Arquivo ida ne'ebe akumula informasaun konaba Sub-distrito Cailaco iha tempu passado no ohin loron nian....

Administrador Antonio Macedo Postu Cailaco 1928

Administrador Antonio Macedo, Militar ida ho nia posto Segundo Sargento. Iha nia tempo Postu Cailaco nia iha Poerema, 1928.

Memoria balun Saudoso Komandante Nino Koni Santana iha Kumunenu Foho Loelaco 1994


Photo Memoria balun Saudoso Komandante Nino Koni Santana iha Kumunenu Foho Loelaco Cailaco nia tutun 1994 bainhira Saudoso ne'e dader san pasa ravista formatura tuir ho deklarasaun ba mundu hodi desafia propoganda Suharto katak Falintil la iha ona. Iha fatin ne'e maka 1725-1726 povo Cailaco Revolta Kolonialista portugues iha fatin ne'e mos iha Abrigo nebe Boaventura rasik mak monta iha 1912 molok revolusaun iha Manufahi, iha fatin ne'e mos konsentrasaun liurai Timor oan sira hodi funu kontra Liurai Majapahit antez malae mutin mai, iha fatin ne'e mak maka 1974-1978 povo sira konsentra ba no iha fatin ne'e mos povo sira halai subar ba durante II guera mundial iha fatin ne'e mos 1999 povo konsentra hafoin Indonesia lakon votasaun.

Termos de referência: Roque, 2º Comandante do Destacamento Norte da Região-4

Termos de referência: Roque, 2º Comandante do Destacamento Norte da Região-4, Teti Dias e Assu Bere num abrigo nas áreas de Fatubessi/Ermera, sintonizando notícias internacionais, em Cailaco. Vê-se uma UZI, comprada aos soldados indonésios em 1992. 1994

Data: 1994

PB/Cor: Cor

Tipo de Documento: FOTOGRAFIAS

Fundo: DRT - Documentos da Resistência Timorense - AMRT

Resistência Timor-Leste / Fotografias / 01. Resistência Armada

Guerrilheiros tocando guitarra numa gruta nas áreas de Cailaco


Termos de referência: Guerrilheiros tocando guitarra numa gruta nas áreas de Cailaco. Distinguem-se Fulan Sia, Hatoli, Mota Lima e Lemorai. C.1994.
Data: 1994
PB/Cor: Cor
Fundo: DRT - Documentos da Resistência Timorense - AMRT
Tipo de Documento: FOTOGRAFIAS
Reff :
Aquivo Relevante :

Konis Santana na reoganização da Região-4/Fronteira,

Pasta: 09526.002.101

Termos de referência: Konis Santana na reoganização da Região-4/Fronteira, distinguindo-se Comandante Deker, Kolohan, Comandante Hatoli, Alin Timor, Fulan Sia e Havana. No cimo do monte de Leo Laco/Cailaco/Maliana. Outubro de 1994.

Data: OUT.1994

PB/Cor: Cor

Tipo de Documento: FOTOGRAFIAS

Fundo: DRT - Documentos da Resistência Timorense - AMRT

Resistência Timor-Leste / Fotografias / 01. Resistência Armada
Reff :

Masaktre 12 April 1999 Cailaco

Cailaco Killings 12 April 1999
“These are the people that receive money from the government, and they feed the Falintil. These people we have to kill.”
Some of the most notorious violations of human rights in 1999 occurred in the District of Bobonaro, where an estimated 250 civilians were killed in political violence, and many others suffered torture (including rape), beatings, destruction of property, and forcible relocation. All but a handful of the victims were supporters of independence.
The perpetrators were generally members of one of the several militia groups operating in the district, but in many cases, the principal perpetrators were TNI soldiers and officers.
One of the clearest examples of this general pattern occurred in the Sub-District of Cailaco on April 12, 1999. In two separate incidents on the same day, TNI soldiers and militiamen rounded up and deliberately executed seven people. The dead have been identified as: Carlito Mau Leto (32), Domingos Resi Mau (29), João Evangelista Lima Vidal (40), Paulino Soares (34), José Pau Lelo (37), António Soares (45), and Manuel Maulelo Araújo.
According to an indictment filed by East Timor’s Deputy General Prosecutor for Serious Crimes† in February 2003, these seven killings were committed with the knowledge and acquiescence of several senior military and civilian officials, including: the District Military Commander (Dandim), Lt. Col. Burhanuddin Siagian; the District Head of Military Intelligence (Kasi Intel), Lt. Sutrisno; the Bupati, Guilherme dos Santos; the militia commander, João Tavares; and the District head of the FPDK, Jorge Tavares. The indictment also names Lt. Sutrisno as one of the direct perpetrators of the seven murders.
By some accounts, the Cailaco killings were an act of official retaliation for the murder of a local pro-autonomy figure, Manuel Gama, and at least one TNI soldier, in an ambush near Poegoa village, Cailaco Sub-District, early on the morning of April 12. Gama, who was Finance Head of the District administration and had recently been named deputy leader of the FPDK in Maliana, was driving from Cailaco to Maliana with an escort of TNI soldiers when the attack occurred. He and one of the TNI soldiers were both shot and killed at close range, while a second TNI soldier reportedly survived the ambush.
As of early 2003, the identity of Manuel Gama’s killers had not been established. Some residents claimed that the attack was carried out by a member of the Halilintar militia, as a deliberate pretext for the crackdown on pro-independence supporters that was to follow. Others believe that the ambush and killings were the work of Falintil fighters, who had been operating in the area in preceding months. Whoever the perpetrators were, the attack did indeed set in motion a campaign of retribution in which local residents were detained, beaten, forcibly relocated and killed by TNI soldiers and Halilintar militiamen.
After learning of Manuel Gama’s death, the commander of the SGI post at Marco, Mahalan Agus Salim, ordered TNI and Halilintar militiamen to track down those responsible. Teams of soldiers and militiamen then fanned out to villages in the immediate vicinity, looking for suspects. In the course of this initial sweep some 30 residents, including women and children, were detained and forcibly marched to the Sub-District Military Command (Koramil) headquarters at Marco. The women and children were held separately for up to four days, before being released. Several of the detained men – including Carlito Mau Leto and Domingos Resi Mau who would later be killed – were badly beaten while in detention. The beatings reportedly began after orders were received from the Kodim in Maliana and from militia commander João Tavares.
In the words of the indictment issued by the Deputy General Prosecutor for Serious Crimes:
“The detainees were told to lie on the floor and the TNI and militiamen present hit them with their fists and boots. They were also beaten with rifle butts while being questioned about the murder of Manuel Gama.”
A number of the detainees were released, but some remained in custody in Marco. Two others – Carlito Mau Leto and Domingos Resi Mau – were taken to the site of Manuel Gama’s murder, near the village of Poegoa. TNI soldiers and militiamen had already brought three other villagers to that spot, and had begun to beat and interrogate them about the killing of Manuel Gama. The soldiers and militiamen at the site were under the authority of TNI Lt. Sutrisno, the District Military head of intelligence. Lt. Sutrisno was present when soldiers and militiamen beat the detainees. According to witnesses, he also kicked one of the detainees in the face and the body as he lay on the ground, with his hands tied.
Having received word of Manuel Gama’s death, senior TNI and civilian figures in Maliana gathered at the office of the Bupati to plan their response. Those present included: the Dandim, Lt. Col. Burhanuddin Siagian, the Bupati, Guilherme dos Santos, the militia commander, João Tavares, and the district FPDK leader, Jorge Tavares. According to the Serious Crimes indictment, the men discussed plans to kill CNRT members and pro-independence civil servants.
After the meeting, the group traveled in a convoy to the site near Poegoa village where Manuel Gama had been killed, and where at least five men were being held by TNI soldiers and militiamen. There, according to witnesses, three of the men who had earlier been beaten were shot dead by TNI soldiers. The circumstances of their killing leave no doubt that the men were deliberately executed while in custody, and strongly suggest the direct responsibility of senior TNI officers and the militia commander, João Tavares.
Shortly after they arrived at the site the militia commander, João Tavares, reportedly walked up to one of the detainees and said: “These are the people that receive money from the government, and they feed the Falintil. These people we have to kill.”
Following this order, several TNI soldiers dragged three of the detainees – Carlito Mau Leto, Domingos Resi Mau, and João Evangelista Lima Vidal – to the top of a nearby hill. They were followed by Lt. Sutrisno, who was carrying a 5.56 caliber rifle. A few minutes later several gunshots were heard coming from the place where the detainees had been taken.
Witnesses said that the gunshots sounded like those of a 5.56 caliber rifle. The three men were not seen alive again.
From the site of the killings, a convoy of officials, soldiers, and militiamen returned to Marco, where residents and civil servants had been ordered to gather at the home of Manuel Gama. There, according to witnesses, Lt. Col. Burhanuddin Siagian directly threatened District civil servants, indicating that if they were independence supporters they would suffer the same fate as the three men just killed in Poegoa. Then, Lt. Sutrisno gave the order to arrest four men, all of them known independence supporters: Paulino Soares, José Pau Lelo, António Soares, and Manuel Maulelo Araújo.
The four men were singled out of the crowd and led away to the SGI compound next to the Koramil. Later that afternoon, April 12, they were shot dead by TNI soldiers and Halilintar militiamen. As in the case of the three killed earlier in Poegoa, there is little doubt that the four were killed in custody, and that their murders were ordered by senior TNI officers, including Lt. Col. Burhanuddin Siagian and Lt. Sutrisno.
Some time after the four men were taken to the Koramil, Lt. Col. Siagian, João Tavares and Jorge Tavares went there and talked with Lt. Sutrisno. After their conversation, TNI soldiers and Halilintar militiamen were instructed to seal off the area, and Lt. Sutrisno gave the order for the four detainees to be taken outside. Once outside, the detainees were told to run. Paulino Soares, the youngest of the four, started to do so and was immediately shot and killed. The other three men were then killed by shots fired by TNI soldiers and militiamen surrounding the compound. The bodies of the four men were gathered in a single pile and guarded by TNI soldiers.
Lt. Sutrisno has been identified as one of the direct perpetrators of all four of the killings. Lt. Col Burhanuddin Siagian, João Tavares, and Jorge Tavares were present and took no action to stop the killings.
As of early 2003, the bodies of the seven victims of the Cailaco killings had not been found. Relatives believe that the bodies were taken by militiamen and soldiers to a beach at Atabae, early in the morning hours of April 13, and dumped at sea. The site of their probable disposal is marked by a stone monument and some clothes discovered on the beach on the morning after the killings, and believed to be those of the deceased.
In early 2000, several fishermen told UN Civpol investigators that on the morning after the killings they had discovered that their boats, which had been left on the beach overnight, were spattered with blood and that they had been moved. One fisherman claimed that, earlier that morning, he had seen several men, whom he described as militia, pushing a dump truck that had got stuck in the sand.
The seven murders on April 12, 1999 marked the start of a systematic campaign of officially sanctioned violence against villagers in the Cailaco Sub-District who were believed to be supporters of independence. Over the next two weeks, soldiers and armed militiamen conducted joint patrols in which they burned and looted houses, detained and beat hundreds of villagers, raped an unknown number of women and girls, and killed as many as 20 people. No action was ever taken by Indonesian authorities against those alleged or known to have carried out these acts.
East Timor 1999 Crimes against Humanity
A Report Commissioned by the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights By Geoffrey Robinson University of California Los Angeles July 2003

Termos de referência: Konis Santana do Monte de Loe Laku, Cailaco

Termos de referência: Konis Santana, Chefe do Conselho Executivo da Luta/Frente Armada-CEL/FA recebido pelos guerrilheiros das FALINTIL em parada no cimo do Monte de Leo Laku, Cailaco durante a reoganização e formação da Região-4/Fronteira. Outubro de 1995.
Data: OUT.1994
Negativo/Positivo: Positivo
PB/Cor: Cor
Fundo: DRT - Documentos Resistência Timorense - Sabalae

FUNU CAILACO (1725-1726)

Hakerek iha okos nee sita husi ForumHaksesuk.blogspot. Intensaun husi re-publikasaun bodik habelar liutan parte Estoria Funu Timor oan hasoru kolonialismu. Obrigado boot ba Author Dom. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo.SDB. Ninian esforsu tomak hatuun pagina estoria ida nee. Estoria nee sita iha pagina Nee Nian

Dom. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo.SDB.
Eis Bispo Apostolica Diocese Dili
Kona ba revolta boot ne’ebé liurai hosi Loro-Monu sira halo hasoru malae mutin, Padre Artur Basilio de Sá, hakerek livro ida, ho título: “A Planta de Cailaco 1927” (1949). Planta ne’e, dezeñu ida ne’eb’e ema goes ida mak pinta kona ba assaltu forsas governu halo hasoru asuwain Loru-monu iha foho Cailaco (Kailaku). ( Iha Cailaco Foho nebe uluk ema subar halo funu maka Foho Loelaco )

Foho Loelaco ho Lesu Luli, Caicalo
Ita hatene ona katak governador Jácome Morais de Sarmento (1706-1710) haruka kobra imposto. Reinu hotu-hotu selu imposto atu defende Prasa Lifau. Reinu balu la konkorda. Liurai balu mos la konkorda ho governador António d’Albuquerque Coelho (1722-1725) ne’ebé duni sai hosi Lifau amo Bispo Dom Frei Manuel de Santo António.

Iha tinan 1719, liurai Camanasse halibur liurai balu iha ne’ebá atu estabelese aliança (saun). Sira oho asu aman makerek ida (mutin-mean); hafoin sira hemu asu ne’e nia ran kahur ho tua mutin; tuir mai sira kombina atu duni sai malae portugés hosi Timor; sira hakarak duni sai mos amo lulik dominikanu no sobu uma kreda no kapela; duni sai mos ema hosi Larantuka.

Iha tinan 1722, reinu Luca háu revolta hasoru governu. Entretantu, governador António d’Albuquerque Coelho haruka kapitaun Joaquim de Matos no soldado sira atu hahú kobraba kobra imposto iha reinu sira, iha Província do Servião. Maibé, Liurai Lolotoe la simu ordem governu nian, no duni Kapitaun Joaquim to’o Batugadé. Liurai Camanasse revolta, hodi hamriik funu hasoru governu: Nia bolu liurai sira hosi Lamaquito (ou Lamak-Hituka, Bobonaro), Lolotoy, Caelaco, Lohitu (Leo-hitu), Sanier (Sanir), Atsave (ka Atesabe), Lâmean (Lei-Mean), Asafonara, Dirivate (Diribate), no Hera-Mera, Nusadilla, Clora, Letipho (Letefoho), Marobo, no seluk tan. Liurai “revoltosos” sira ne’e iha planu atu harii iha Timor impériu tolu: Sonobai (Sombai), Camanasse, We-Hali.

Funu hahú iha tinan 1725, iha Cailaco. Liurai sira ne’ebá hetan tulun hosi Dom Francisco Hornay, hosi Oe-Kusi no ema Larantuka.

Funu-nain timor hahú sobu uma-reda, harahun estátua no kruz, naok no sobu sasán misa nian, oho amo lulik nain rua: padre Manuel Roiz no padre Manuel Vieira, no sarani barak.

Entretantu to’o iha Liafau Governador António Moniz de Macedo (1726-1728). Liurai balu, hanesan Dom Francisco Hornay haakrak buka paz (maibé laran rua-rua ka finjidu), ba “presta vassalagem” ba governador foun. Maibé, liurai balu halibur ema funu-na’in rihun haat (4.000), hodi ba monta kuartel-jeneral iha foho Cailaco, hanesan reinu Lamaquito no Caelaco. Liurai Cailaco naran Dom Aleixo no Dato Laku-Mali sai hanesan ulun boot ka comandante ba revolta hasoru malae mutin..

Haree ba situasaun ida ne’e, governu husu liurai balu atu funu hasoru “revoltosos” sira: reinu Maubara ho nia liurai Dom Francisco Xavier; reinu Viqueque ho nia liurai, Dom Vasco dos Santos Pinto; reinu Samoro ho nia liurai Dom Bernardo Sarmento.

Iha fulan outubro 1926, governu haruka kapitaun Joaquim de Matos, hosi Batugadé, no kapitaun Gonçalo de Magalhães, hosi Dili, atu komanda forsas hodi ba assalta Cailco.

Reinu sira ne’ebé funu hasoru “ koligasaun Caelaco-Lamaquito”, iha foho Cailaco mak tuir mai ne’e:
1.      Viqueque: Liurai Dom Vasco dos Santos Pinto, ho kapitaun-mor Dom Ventura da Costa dos Remédios; ho soldado rihun ida atus rua (1.200);
2.      Reino Claco: Liurai koronel Dom Belchior Fernandes;
3.      Reino Allas: Liurai coronel Dom Miguel de Sousa Tavares
4.      Reinu Manufahi: Liurai Koronel Dom Duarte da Costa Souto Maior;
5.      Reinu Samoro: Liurai Koronel Dom Bernardo Sarmento, ho soldado na’in 900.
6.      Reinu Laclut:, liurai Dom João da Fonseca.
7.      Reinu Ai-foi: Liurai Dom Domingos da Costa, ho soldado na’in 30.
8.      Reinu Suai: Liurai Dom Baltazar Lopes, sargento-mor, ho soldado na’in 600.
9.      Reinu Motael: Liurai Dom Gregório Roiz Pereira, tenente-koronel, ho soldado na’in 500.
10.  - Reinu Liquiçá: Liurai Dom Gregório, sargento-mor, ho soldado na’in 100.
11.  - Reinu Calcuc: Liurai Dom Paulo de Cáceres, ho soldado na’in 60.
12.  - Reinu Laicor: Liurai Dom Carlos, h oso soldado nai’n 40.
13.  - Reinu Manatuto: Liurai Dom António Soares, ho soldado na’in 400.
14.  - Reinu Vemasse: Liurai Cosme de Freitas, ho soldados na’in 900.
15.  - Reinu Laleia: Liurai Salvador, ho soldado na’in 300.
16.  - Reinu Sarau, Liurai Dom Álvaro da Costa, ho soldado na’in 80;
17.  - Reinu Faturó: Liurai Dom Sebastião, ho soldados na’in 80.
18.  - Reinu Luca: Liurai Dom António Aveiro do Amaral, ho soldado na’in 1.500.
19.  - Reinu Dailor: Liurai Dom Álvaro de Sousa, ho soldado na’in 100.

 Além de “moradores” timor oan sira ne’e, governu haruka tan kompañia sanulu resin sia (19), ho ema na’in 970. Forsa sira hosi governu inklui mos ofisial no soldado portugés, ema balu hosi Goa no Macau. Atu assisti tropas sira n’e, iha mos padre kapelaun ida: padre Vigário Dili nian.
Atu hasoru tropas gvernu portugés ho moradores sira ne’ebé liurai sira haruka, Dom Aleixo, liurai Caelaco nian, fo ordem atu populasaun evakua ba foho Cailaco (Kailaku). Ema mane, feto, foin-sa’e, labarik, ba hotu akampa iha foho leten. Sira mos duni sa’e ba foho leten balada: bibi, kuda no karau, fahi no manu. Balu ba hela kuak laran; balu hada kastelu ho ai-rin no fatuk; mane asuwa’in sira lori diman, rama-isin, surik, ai-donan, no kilat. Kilat balu iha kilat musan, balu iha pólvora no balu uza fatuk.
Iha loron 26 fulan outubro 1726, kapitaun Joaquim de Matos ho nia tropas monta akampemnto iha foho Caelaco nia hun. Iha tempu ne’e, sira titu “inimiguu”, sobu no sunu uma ka “pos” ne’ebe asuwain Caleco sira harii nanis. Iha loron 29 to’o mos tropas hosi Maubara no Coutubaba funu hasoru funu-nain tsira ne’ebé un hosi foho lolon. Nei-neik forsas portugés sa’e to’o foho klaran. Iha ne’e, asuwian sira halo tiha ona trankeira boot ida sukat quilómetru tolu; iha fatin nee, “inimigos” sira halot ai-han, sana, bikan, kusi, luhu no buat seluk tan; fatin ne’ebá mos iha we-matan ida. Atu tama tranqueira ne’e susar liu. Topas balu tem ke sa’e tuir hali-hun sira abut ne’ebé tabele to’o rai. Hosi tranqueira aswain Caelaco tiru hasoru, tiru ram-oan no duir fatuk mesak bob-bot deit ba karaik, to’o oho soldado no mordor sira. Iha asaltu ba tranqueira ne’e, ema hosi Caelaco, na’in 80 mak mate. Ho ataque ne’ebá, “revoltosos” balu halai ba foho tutun, balu aba foho sorin, balu fali konsege halai to’o foho Atsabe nian.
Iha fulan novembro 1716, forsas hosi Dili no loro sa’e too Caelaco. Forsas konjutas halo serku ba foho Caelaco durante loron sanulu resin rua, maibé asuwain sira la rende. Hosi subar fatin iha foho, feto balu ho labarik sira tun ba kuru be, iha be-matan. Feto no labarik balu ema kaer; balu halai kalon, balu oho-aan.

Ho situasaun ida nee’, liurai Dom Aleixo, no dato Laku-Mali ho tan dato balu ba rende iha akapemto portugés, maibé ema wa’in ne’ebé subar iha fatu kuak no ai-laran lakohi tu no la rende. Kapituan Joaquim de Matos husu ba Dom Aleixo, atu selu imposto, entrega kilat no armamentu seluk. Entretantu, udan boot tau maka’s, mota tun, kalohan no abu-abu taka metin rai no dalam sira. Tamba ne’e, dato balu no sira emar halai hikas ba foho. Ikus mai, Joaquim de Matos ho Gonçalo de Magalhães haruka forsas sira serka foho Caelaco: balu hosi lormunu, balu hosi loro sae, balu hosi tasi-mane, no balu hosi tasi-feto, la husik funu-nain Caelaco sira sai no tama.

Iha loron tolu fulan dezembro, asuwain sira tun hosi foho ataka fosas governu nian no oho tiha sargento-mor Lucas da Cunha (male mutin). Iha loron 5 fulan ne’ebá, forsas governu nian deside atu fila ba Díli, no Batugadé. Tuir dalam sira mos hetan atake hosi funu-nain balu. Joaquim de Matos lori hanesan dadur Liurai Dom Aleixo, ho dato Laku-Mali hodi ba entrega ba governador iha Lifau.
Iha tempu ne’ebá malae no moradores lalin revoltoso sira nia karau hamutuk rihun rua (2.000); sira teci ema inimigu na’in atus ida limanulu (150) nian ulun-fatuk; lori dadur ema na’in 168.Tuir dadur sira lian, sira nia maluk n’ain 300 mak mate iha foho leten. Hosi tropas portugés , ema na’in tolu nolu resin walu (38) mak mate, no brak mak kanek. Iha loron 8 fulan dezembro forsas sira ne’ebé fila ba Prasa/Dili, tuir selebrasum misa iha Tibar.
Maibé funu Caelaco la remata iha tinan 1727. Tanba governador sira nia hahalok, no divizaun iha Liurai timor sira let, sei akontese revolta barak. Istoriador balu katak dame lolós harii metin iha tinan 1787!

Cailaco 1928

Residencia Administrador Antonio Macedo, iha Nunulau 1928

Residencia Administrador Antonio Macedo, iha Nunulau 1928

Cailaco Nunulau

C.M.H Posto Militar Cailaco, 1930

Nee iha Nunulau. posto nunulau kontrui iha 1927 (bazeia ba prasasti nebe sira tau iha parede uma Nunulau). Iha Antonio Macedo nia tempo. Uluk naran posto Militar Cailaco.

Tempo administrador Antonio Macedo 1920

Administrador Antonio Macedo, Militar ida ho nia posto Segundo Sargento. Iha nia tempo Postu Cailaco nia iha Poerema, 1928.

arquivo universidade lisboa nia. Ne sei iha tempo administrador Antonio Macedo, nia bei oan sei moris. Nia beioan naran luis macedo. Antonio Macedo sai administrador iha dekade 1920an iha Cailaco. Sira hatene persis historia Cailaco nia. Sira mos hatene hotu administrador ikus iha Cailaco mak Antonio Correia. Nee postu muda mai Kota Ginala tena.

Arquivo de História Social 1936-1940 (Produção)


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PT AHS-ICS AF-1-23-16787




  • 1936-1940 (Produção)

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1 fotografia.

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14 de outubro de 2015 15:11